Acropolis, Athens

view on the map

The Sacred Rock of the Acropolis is the hallmark of Athens and the most important and impressive attraction in Greece. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, it stands imposingly in the centre of the modern city, with insurmountable monuments- unique masterpieces of ancient architecture-, loaded by the history and achievements of the people.

The Sacred Rock was mainly dedicated to goddess Athena, and remains until today inaccessible from all sides, except the west which is dominated by the Propylaea- the monumental entrance to the Sanctuary. According to historical sources, the natural rocky hill of the Acropolis was inhabited by people from the Neolithic Age, shaping it into a strong fortress. During the 8th century BC, the Acropolis ceased to be a fortress and became a Sanctuary of Athena Polias and a religious hub of the city. In the 6th century BC, the first monumental buildings and temples were established for the worship of Athena, which were subsequently destroyed by the invading Persians. The heyday came in the 5th century BC, the so-called Golden Age of Pericles, when Athens was the most important centre of the spiritual world. In the middle of the 5th century BC an ambitious building program was put into effect on the initiative of Pericles, and by the end of the century , under the supervision of great artists, architects and sculptors, the most important monuments were built, which are still visible today: the Parthenon, the Propylea, the Erechtheum and the Temple of Athena Nike.

In the centuries that followed, the Acropolis monuments went through various phases and suffered serious damage. The Christians dedicated the Parthenon to the Virgin Mary, the Franks converted the Acropolis into a fortress, and so did the Ottomans, while in 1687, during the Second Venetian-Turkish war, a bomb of the Venetians blew up the Parthenon. Since the monument was plundered systematically, particularly by Lord Elgin, who shortly after 1800 preceded to seize many sculptures, which are now in the British Museum in London. Today, while the restoration work continues, in order to preserve the treasures of the area, visitors can admire the Parthenon, the Propylaea, the Erechtheum, the Temple of Athena Nike, and the natural beauty of the area along with great views of the city from above.

There are no available locations such close!