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Meteora, on the northwestern tip of Thessaly’s plains, is an important geological phenomenon and one of the most important monuments of Christendom. The gigantic rocks, isolated from each other, some of which reach heights of 400 metres, are spread out in Kalabaka over an area of approximately thirty kilometers. The rocks that can be seem for miles and the caves attracted many ascetic monks and during Byzantium (12th century) Meteora transformed into an ascetic centre, which took on greater dimensions in the 14th century and is considered the century in which orthodox monastic life in Meteora flourished.
Of the 20 monasteries that existed in the past, several were abandoned and are in ruins. At present ascetic tradition has been continued for more than six hundred years by six monasteries. The sacristies and libraries of the monasteries hold many byzantine and post byzantine artifacts of exceptional craftsmanship, ecclesiastic items (icons, reliquaries, wood carvings, jewelry, vestments, etc.) and a large collection of byzantine manuscripts and documents.

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